|The geometry of Eurasian cooperation: to the memory for Evgeny Primakov|
There were many failed projects of economical and political unions, alliances, and commonwealths that were either wiped out from the foreign relations in a little time, or remained just as a sign, i.e. a source of pride or shame of their creators.
International institutions are much less likely to reach the goals they were intended for and to “grow naturally”, including new members and expanding the set of their functions. This can happen only if an institution is based on a creative idea. There is an ancient Chinese saying: a journey of a thousand miles begins with one small step. The fruitful cooperation between three Eurasian giants – China, Russia and India – started form such a small step.
The idea of a continental triple unity, a “Moscow – Beijing – in Delhi” axis was introduced twenty years ago by the talented Russian politician, head of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, academic Evgeny Primakov during an official visit to in Delhi on the December 21, 1998. In his view the strategic cooperation between Moscow and Delhi “ is strong and based on mutual benefit and quest for stability in the world. India is a great nation. So much depends on Indian and Chinese politics”.
In Primakov mind this union was a kind of “strategical triangle”, not a political or military/political alliance. During this period the features of international relations allowed policy experts to suggest that Russian prime minister “established a political triangle” due to the common fear of the “insubordinate American hegemonists” preparing the intervention in Iraq. Later the project’s goals were shifted to cooperation in the area of military technology between Russia, China and India.
Since May 2005, the Moscow-Beijing-Delhi union gained the most important feature in Evgeny Primakov model: the annual meetings of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of each participant. Russian political analysts believe that this was the place where strategic decisions on international joint action were elaborated.
Speaking about this triple unity of Eurasian giants, we must take into account other existing and potential participants that could transform this triangle to other multifaceted figures. For example, Iran. The creation of continental union of traditional civilizations “Russia-India-China-Iran” (RICI) became an effective asymmetrical response to the American globalism challenge. we must note that adding Iran to this continental union will open up major opportunities for orthodox, Hindu, Confucian and Muslim civilizations to cooperate. Including India in SCO in 2015 affected the geopolitical configuration in south Eurasia. Consequently India both strengthen economical and political cooperation with Russia and China and opened up additional opportunities in cooperation with the countries of Central Asia. New-Delhi is reasonably interested in this region because of the power resources of the region on the first place. But it’s not about the hydrocarbons only.
There is an indicative supply contract of 5000 tons of uranium from Kazakhstan and 500 tons of uranium from Uzbekistan to India. The geostrategic position of the region is as important. India is really interested in Central Asian countries participating in the North-South transport corridor project and pipeline routes.
Establishing of the Moscow-Beijing-Delhi strategic triangle is an attractive and promising geopolitical project, developed by the SCO and BRICS activity. And we must note that this Primakov idea becomes very actual because of the international disorder, backed by the world economic crisis in 2014 and the US and western Europe policy towards Russia and China in 2015-2018.