|Forming an integrated space of cyber security of the SCO and BRICS countries|
In the nearest future, the United Cyber Police of the BRICS countries will be addressing the challenges of ensuring the collective cyber security of the association. Similar processes also take place in SCO, especially because Russia, India and China are the members of both BRICS and SCO.
An objective of forming integrated space of collective security in the information area in SCO and BRICS became one of the most essential and sought-after in the Russian foreign policy strategy. A purpose of creating such space is evident: arranging joint counteraction against challenges and threats in the information area, such as cyber crime, informational terrorism and extremism, information war operations, which each of the countries participating in these integration associations is not capable to manage alone.
What are the specifics of ensuring security in the information area by the member-states of SCO and BRICS? A 2013 report of Edward Snowden on spying after the country citizens on Internet by the various government institutions of the USA became an impulse for Brazil to develop security system in the information area. Soon, in April 2014, the National Congress of Brazil approved the so-called Marco Civil da Internet, better known as Internet Constitution. It is devoted to declaration of the rights and freedoms of person in the Internet space, as well as to the mechanics of their observance and protection. This useful experience may be studied and used in the other countries of the association. India occupies one of the leading places in the world in terms of a number of the cyber crimes, hacker attacks and distribution of malware. In 2012, the country’s Government approved five year plan of “increasing the level of information security of the critically important infrastructural institutions throughout the entire country’s territory”. The following measures were proposed to be implemented: creation of the institution for rapid response to the cyber threats, national operating system, ensuring complete information security of the Government institutions, creation of the national data bases and knowledge bases, use of the biometrical technologies by the citizens to access Internet and perform financial on-line operations. In 2013, as a development of this, the National Center for Protection of the Critically Important Infrastructural Information was created and cyber security police was established.
China is rightfully considered as one of the leading states in the area of information and cyber protection technologies aiming at controlling and regulating the Internet space within its borders. Since 1998, there are 12 so-called “golden projects” in the framework of the common project of “electronic government”, which are aimed at the Internet space regulation.
The most famous of those was Golden Shield project representing a system of filtering Internet content by means of restricting access to a number of resources and pages from the territory of P. R. China. In parallel, since the beginning of 2000s, Chinese People’s Liberation Army has been implementing the projects on upgrading radio electronic intelligence and counter intelligence support. Back in the mid 90s, P. R. China brought into service 4 new radio intelligence centers in the Pacific Ocean, and, in 1999, a Chinese radio intercept center was deployed in Cuba. In 2016, to follow up on these measures, the National People’s Congress adopted a decision to create cyber police.
Therefore, since the middle of 2010s, the major steps on creating national systems for ensuring security in the cyber and information area had been taken by the BRICS and SCO partners of Russia. At the same time, the key issues of ensuring national security in the information area still remain unsolved for all the member-states of these international associations. Nevertheless, these problems can be solved by forming an unified system and integrated collective space to ensure information security. A common to the states and vitally important demand to counteract against the transnational cyber crime and to rebuff information war operations, which are organized by the foreign adversaries and competitors of the SCO and BRICS member-states became the major basis for creation of such space and system.
For the effective functioning of the supranational system of ensuring the SCO and BRICS collective security in the information area a supranational system of institutions shall be created. The institutions that will become a working vehicle responsible for implementation of the programs ensuring collective security of SCO and BRICS member-states.