The website has been created with the financial assistance

of the Federal Agency for Press and Mass Communications

of the Russian Federation

Make Infoshos my homepageContact usAdd to FavoritesHome
Member States:
Observer States:
18:53Phnom Penh
17:23Sri Dzhayavardenepura Kotte

SCO Currencies/Ruble

Country Code Currency Den. Rate

The official rate of the Central Bank of Russia


22.07.2020 16:18
SCO Secretariat and Pakistani Centre for Global & Strategic Studies hold a webinar
22.07.2020 15:51
SCO Secretary-General takes part in a videoconference on SCO digital economy and e-commerce in COVID-19 environment
21.07.2020 10:58
SCO Secretary-General meets with Swiss ambassador to China
21.07.2020 10:55
Vladimir Norov: Chinas achievements in eliminating poverty have won high recognition from the world community. Article by SCO Secretary-General for
16.07.2020 11:49
Upcoming webinar on the theme: "SCO: The way to Regional Cooperation and Integrated Development"
16.07.2020 11:44
Meeting of Experts on Preparations for the Meeting of Health Ministers of the SCO Member States
14.07.2020 09:48
Interview by the SCO Secretary-General on the fifth anniversary of the adoption of the SCO Development Strategy Towards 2025
07.07.2020 11:50
SCO Secretary-Generals interview on the occasion of International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
06.07.2020 13:03
SCO Secretary-General addresses a special event on the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
06.07.2020 13:00
SCO Secretary-General addresses OSCE Security Review Conference
He was first to sense gas in Uzbek land
01.11.2008 09:14

The 120th anniversary since the birth of outstanding scientist Alexander Uklonsky

Few people remember today that it was Alexander Uklonsky, an outstanding Russian scientist, who was in love with Asia and devoted his life and work to Uzbekistan, who first sensed the countrys oil and gas riches and gave a scientific justification to their presence. Working on paragenesis of sulfur and oil, the 40-year-old professor came up with the hypothesis about the presence of hydrocarbons under the loess soils of Asian deserts in 1928. It was he who pointed to Gazli as a place that held natural gas.

In 1920, a special train arrived in Tashkent, with books and scientific instruments as cargo and humanitarian missionaries and teachers, mainly from Moscow and St Petersburg, as passengers. At the time, the Turkmen State University was being founded in compliance with Vladimir Lenins decree.

Among the passengers on the train of knowledge was 32-year-old geology professor Alexander Uklonsky. He was born on November 5, 1888, in Gomel, to a priests family. It is unknown what made his father leave his native land to go to Asia, to the distant outskirts of the Russian empire. After the difficult at the time journey from the West to the East, the Uklonsky family arrived in Tashkent in spring 1901. Alexander, then 13, entered the First mens lyceum, from which he graduated with honors. The young man went to continue his education at the Moscow University. He studied geology at the natural sciences department and was patronized by professor Vladimir Vernadsky, the outstanding Russian scientist.

Uklonsky was lucky to work under the guidance of another guru, academician Andrei Arkhangelsky. The young researcher studied the Asian soil, loess. His first research paper was titled On petrography of the Chimgan area and was based on information he had collected during his summer holiday in Tashkent. Having graduated with honors, Uklonsky was offered to stay at the university.

World War I took the young scientist to Nizhni Novgorod, where he headed the department of mineralogy and crystallography of the Nizhni Novgorod university till 1920. Having learned that a university was being set up in Tashkent and the train of knowledge was to leave for the city, Uklonsky volunteered as the humanitarian missions participant. So he returned to the place where he had spent his youth.

At the new university, he became professor of the mineralogy department and later headed a related department at the Tashkent Polytechnic Institute. Over the fifty years of his work, the talented scientist taught hundreds of specialists in mineralogy and geochemistry of metallic and non-metallic minerals.

Student of the prominent naturalist Vernadsky, Uklonsky developed mineralogy and geochemistry in Central Asia. His departments researched mineralogy, geochemistry and crystallography. The area of geological survey and research kept growing. Gradually, the universitys geology department set up the necessary structures: the geological committee, the geological survey committee of the Polytechnic Institute, the Institute of Geology and Geophysics of the Uzbek Academy of Sciences, etc.

Uklonsky actively organized geological expeditions and prospective works at deposits of calcium fluoride (Aurakhmat), marble (Gazgan), sulfur (Shorsu), etc. In 1928, at the 3rd All-Soviet congress of geologists, he delivered a report on paragenesis of sulfur and oil. He published a manuscript on the subject in 1940. A harmonious research of natural interconnections between oil and sulfur became one of the crucial preconditions for searching for oil fields by the presence of sulfur and vice versa. This discovery is still broadly used by oil workers all over the world.

During World War II, Uklonsky worked hard to find raw commodities for plants that had been evacuated to Central Asia. In 1943, when the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan was set up, he became one of its first members.

Uklonsky published a total of 170 scientific works that became an important contribution to Soviet geology. They included two big studies (Mineralogy and Paragenesis of Sulfur and Oil) that covered numerous problems of hydrogeology, hydrochemistry, mineralogy, geochemistry, crystallography, etc. Years before the Great Patriotic war turned out the most productive for the scientist, and he came up with summaries on many important problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. In his geochemical analysis of Uzbekistan, he singled out the most important geochemical areas: Nizhneamudaryinsky, Kenimekhsko-Nuratinsky, Shirabad-Kugitansky, Karatyube-Malguzarsky, of the Fergana Valley, Karamazarsky and Chirchiksky.

The scientist was always interested in new methods of research and in instruments that allowed detecting unusual qualities of minerals. He created the method of mineral metachromatism, which allowed diagnosing a majority of color minerals with the help of infrared rays. He invented the diploscope, a device for detecting monocrystals, and mercury volumometers (a primitive device for determining the volume of mineral flakes), etc.

Uklonsky went down in the history of science as Central Asias biggest geochemist and mineralogist. The climax of his research was the theory of paragenesis of sulfur and oil, a fundamental scientific discovery of the 20th century.

The works of the academician and his students covered in detail over 400 minerals and discovered new ones. One of them was named after the researcher, uklonskovit.

  • Add Comment
  • Print

Leave a comment



Geographical features got their names
09.11.2018 14:39
Russia celebrates the 75th anniversary of victory in Battle of Stalingrad
08.06.2018 16:23
"People are polite as kings in the city of Sun and genii..."
23.03.2015 12:30
Mikhail the Great
22.03.2015 11:48
Lyubov Orlova, a national favorite
19.02.2015 12:26
65 years of Indian independence changed it a lot
10.08.2014 13:16
SCO is a snapshot of equitable world
03.05.2012 10:00
Sun Yat-Sens three principles ahead of the times
11.11.2011 13:00
chalic e full of sun
08.02.2011 14:27
A priceless gem of Tajikistan
28.10.2010 12:08


Homeschooling remains to be seen as a oddity in addition to homeschooled kids may find it difficult that will mingle with other school children. Within extreme scenarios, mom and dad may get belittled for planning right out of the pack and getting a great severe determine. Nonetheless , when you are self-assured for your judgement, to lower the number to provide into any criticism or perhaps make fun of. Educate identical for your young people in addition.