The leaders ofáthe member states ofáthe Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), followingáthe meeting ofáthe SCO Council ofáHeads ofáState held viaávideoconference oná10 November 2020, declare the following.
International relations are passing througháa stage ofáprofound transformation, consolidation ofánew political and economic power centres, and formation ofáthe world order onáthe principles ofámultipolarity. This process is unfolding againstáthe background ofáincreased challenges and threats toáinternational security and the existing system ofáinterstate relations based onárespect foráand compliance witháthe generally accepted norms ofáinternational law. The politicisation ofáworld economic ties and a lack ofásignificant progress ináreforming the existing international financial institutions, asáwell asáthe global political and socioeconomic consequences ofáthe COVID-19 pandemic involve serious risks foráthe sustained development ofáthe world economy.
The member states note that 2020 is the year ofáthe 75th anniversary ofáVictory ináWorld War II and that ofáthe 75th anniversary ofáthe establishment ofáthe United Nations Organisation (UN). The Great Victory overáNazism, fascism and militarism was ofáfundamental importance foráthe further course ofáworld history, security and stability, and made it possible toáform a stable system ofáinternational relations guaranteeing mankind's peaceful development. The Statement ináconnection witháthe celebration ofágreat Victory, which is toábe approved today, is a vivid and convincing demonstration ofáunity, friendship and mutual understanding, asáwell asáa symbol ofácommitment toáthe preservation ofáhistorical memory aboutáthe heroic feat ofávalour committed byáour peoples. They cherish and value highly the feat ofávalour committed byáthe peoples ofáall countries, which fought onáthe side ofáthe Anti-Hitler Coalition and which secured the great Victory overáNazism, fascism and militarism atáthe cost ofáhuge human losses.
The member states will continue toástrengthen the SCO asáone ofáthe pillars ofáthe emerging more representative world order based onáthe supremacy ofáinternational law, primarily the UN Charter, respect foráthe civilisational diversity and peoples' independent choice ofáthe path ofátheir political and socioeconomic development, equitable partnership ofástates ináthe interests ofáensuring equal, joint, indivisible, comprehensive and stable security, progressive growth and prosperity ináthe SCO space, and the implementation foráthis purpose ofáthe 2030.Agenda foráSustainable Development. They intend toáintensify their political dialogue, collaboration and coordination, toápromote contacts and cooperation betweenálegislatures and executive agencies, and toáencourage an exchange ofáthe best practices ináthe sphere ofástate administration and development.
The member states confirm their firm support foráefforts being undertaken byáthe UN asáa universal, multilateral organisation that plays the central and coordinating role inámaintaining international peace and stability, incentivising global development, and promoting and protecting human rights.
The member states are ináfavour ofáshaping a multipolar world order based onágenerally recognised principles ofáinternational law, multilaterality, equal and indivisible security, renunciation ofáconfrontation and conflicts, and the strengthening ofáglobal and regional security and stability. Taking intoáconsideration the opinions ofáthe member states, they have confirmed the current importance ofáthe initiatives toápromote collaboration inábuilding international relations ofáa new type ináthe spirit ofámutual respect, fairness, equality and mutually beneficial cooperation and ináshaping a common vision ofáthe idea toácreate a community ofácommon destiny forámankind.
The SCO is an influential and responsible member ofáthe modern system ofáinternational relations, which will continue building upáits contribution toáensuring peace and security and settling international and regional conflicts solely byáthe political and diplomatic methods based onáthe principles ofáequality, respect forásovereignty, territorial integrity and non-interference ináinternal affairs ofástates, and renunciation ofáthe use or threat ofáforce. The member states are guided byáthe principles ofámutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, mutual consultations, respect foráthe diversity ofácultures, striving foráco-development, aims and objectives ofáthe SCO Charter, the Treaty ofáLong-Term Good Neighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation, the SCO Development Strategy untilá2025, and the Programme ofáMultilateral Trade and Economic Cooperation, and intend toácontinue promoting their political, security, trade, economic, financial, investment, cultural and humanitarian cooperation.
The member states note that transnational challenges and threats toásecurity, primarily terrorism, separatism, extremism, drug trafficking, organised crime and cybercrime, continue toágrow, and the interconnection betweenáthem is also increasing. Reaffirming the central and coordinating role ofáthe UN, they advocate taking coordinated action toácurb these risks onáthe basis ofácompliance witháinternational law and respect foráthe national legislation ofáeach state.
In this context, member states welcome the adoption ofáthe Code ofáConduct towardsáAchieving a World Free ofáTerrorism atáthe 73rd session ofáthe UN General Assembly.
The member states reaffirm their common conviction that there is no alternative toáresolving the crisis ináSyria throughádialogue and withádue respect foráthe sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity ofáthat state. They support promoting an inclusive political reconciliation process led byáand consisting ofáthe Syrians themselves ináorder toáfind solutions that would meet the interests ofáthat country and the international community, aboveáall the cessation ofáterrorist activity onáSyrian territory. They underline the importance ofáintensifying international efforts toáassist Syria ináthe post-conflict recovery, and help inábringing the refugees and internally displaced persons back home.
In the context ofáimplementing the Programme ofáSCO Member States Cooperation ináCombating Terrorism, Separatism and Extremism forá2019 ̵ 2021, the member states will continue their collaboration ináidentifying and blocking channels foráthe movement ofáparticipants ináplanned terrorist activities, including movement ofápersons incriminated ináterrorist, separatist and extremist activities withináthe borders ofáthe SCO countries.
The member states advocate the consistent deepening ofácounterterrorism cooperation betweenáthe SCO and the UN, including projects where relevant UN bodies provide technical assistance toáthe SCO member states atátheir request. They welcome the signing ofáMemorandums ofáUnderstanding betweenáthe SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) and the UN Office ofáCounter-Terrorism, asáwell asáwith the Executive Directorate ofáthe UN Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee. The parties call foráthe early adoption, byáconsensus, ofáa comprehensive convention againstáinternational terrorism.
The member states underscore the special role ofáthe SCO RATS, a body engaged inápractical activities forácountering terrorism, separatism and extremism withináthe SCO space.
The member states commend the results ofáthe first and second stages ofáthe joint border operation Solidarity 2019 ̵ 2021, the joint anti-terrorist exercise Sary-Arka-Antiterror 2019, asáwell asáthe joint anti-terrorist exercise Xiamen-2019 aimed atáidentifying and combating the use ofáthe internet foráterrorist, separatist and extremist purposes. They also note the importance ofáthe regular joint anti-terrorist military exercises Peace Mission.
The member states welcome the efforts ofáthe Republic ofáTajikistan toápromote cooperation ináthe fight againstáterrorism and its financing ináCentral Asia byáregularly holding high-level international conferences ináDushanbe (the Dushanbe Process).
The member states reiterate the importance ofástepping upácommon efforts toáprevent and preclude the proliferation ofáterrorist, separatist and extremist ideologies. They are convinced that the promotion ofáextremist, separatist and terrorist ideas and any information support, propaganda and justification ofáterrorism are creating conditions foráthe proliferation ofáradical sentiments and the recruitment ofánew members intoáterrorist organisations.
The member states point outáthe humanitarian character ofáthe activities toáreturn their citizens, most ofáthem women and children, fromáthe zones ofáarmed conflicts. They pay particular attention toáthe social rehabilitation and reintegration ofátheir citizens who have succumbed toáterrorism. However, these measures must not rule outáor replace the prosecution ofáthose whose involvement ináterrorist activities has been established inácourt ináaccordance witháthe national legislation.
The member states consider it important toáimplement the UN General Assembly and Security Council resolutions onácombating terrorism and extremism, asáwell asáthe UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, withádue regard forátheir national experience and specifics. In this context, they emphasise the special significance ofáthe SCO Convention onáCountering Extremism, which came intoáeffect iná2019.
The member states note the importance ofábuilding upáthe combined efforts ofáthe international community toáresist any attempts toáinvolve young people ináthe activities ofáterrorist, separatist and extremists groups, and, ináthis context, will continue toáconsistently implement the SCO heads ofástate's Joint Address foráthe Youth and the Action Plan toáimplement it (adopted ináQingdao oná10 June 2018), giving particular attention toáthe efforts toáprevent the proliferation ofáreligious intolerance, xenophobia and racial discrimination.
The member states emphasise the importance ofádeveloping a best practice guide toáprevent the proliferation ofáillegal content onáthe internet and coordinating common standards based onáthe norms ofáinternational law and respect foráthe leading role ofáthe concerned states and their agencies ináthe fight againstáthe proliferation ofáextremist, separatist and terrorist content onáthe internet and the use ofáinformation and communications technology foráterrorist purposes.
The member states express concern overáthe global drug problem, ináparticular, the illegal production, trafficking and abuse ofánarcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, including opiates and other drugs. They also express readiness toácoordinate their efforts atárelated international venues duringádiscussions onáthe practical aspects ofáthe fight againstáthe global drug threat.
The member states proceed fromáthe premise that the illegal cultivation, production and trafficking ofánarcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors, ináparticular, ináAfghanistan, pose a serious threat toáinternational and regional security and stability. They are especially concerned aboutáthe connection betweenádrug-related crime and terrorism, including the use ofádrug profits foráterrorism financing.
The member states declare their firm intention toáfacilitate the maintenance and strengthening ofáthe existing international system ofádrug enforcement based onáthe UN Single Convention onáNarcotic Drugs (1961), the UN Convention onáPsychotropic Substances (1971) and the UN Convention againstáIllicit Traffic ináNarcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (1988) and express their resolve toáwork together againstáthe promotion ofádrug abuse and attempts toálegalise the non-medical use ofánarcotic drugs.
The mMember states advocate stepping upácooperation witháother interested countries, regional and international organisations and structures forácoming upáwith a consolidated response toáthe threat posed byánarcotic drugs atáglobal and regional levels, based onáthe principle ofáthe common and shared responsibility ofáthe states. They reaffirm their commitment toáeffectively carrying outáthe SCO Anti-Drug Strategy forá2018 ̵ 2023, the Programme ofáAction foráimplementing it, asáwell asáthe SCO Concept foráthe Prevention ofáthe Abuse ofáNarcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.
Emphasising the importance ofáthe three international drug control conventions and other relevant legal instruments, they believe it necessary toáact ináorder toábuild an effective framework forácombining their efforts toáfight the drug threat, effectively counter the cultivation, production and trafficking ofádrugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors, asáwell asácounter the spread ofádrug abuse, including byádrafting a concept foráthe establishment ofáan SCO anti-drug centre ináDushanbe.
The member states favour constructive dialogue and the continuation ofáholding joint events witháthe UN Office onáDrugs and Crime (UNODC). The SCO and UNODC will coordinate their positions withináthe UN Commission onáNarcotic Drugs (CND) and other relevant international multilateral forums.
The member states intend toáwork together onácountering attempts toálegalise the non-medical use ofánarcotic drugs, proceeding fromáthe premise that legalising drugs is unacceptable, and constitutes a flagrant violation ofáthe three universal conventions onáthis matter.
The member states are looking forward toástrengthening mutually beneficial cooperation witháthe interested countries and international organisations inácountering drug trafficking. They note the need toádraft a memorandum ofáunderstanding betweenáthe Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre foráCombating the Illicit Trafficking ofáNarcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Their Precursors and the SCO Secretariat forápromoting contacts, sharing experience and best practices.
The member states gave a positive assessment ofáthe high-level side event, held oná2 March 2020 ináVienna asápart ofáthe 63rd session ofáthe Commission onáNarcotic Drugs, and titled "UN and SCO ináthe fight againstáthe illicit drug threat: Countering drug trafficking viaáthe dark net," and reaffirmed their commitment toáthe Paris Pact Initiative.
The member states have taken note ofáthe outcomes ofáthe regular anti-drug operation Spider Web, held betweená23 and 27 May 2020 byáthe Russian Federation, and intend toáhold it ináthe future.
The member states intend toápay special attention toádisrupting the financing ofádrug trafficking, including considering the fact that this matter is intertwined witháother forms ofáorganised crime and terrorist activities.
The member states view fighting organised crime and economic crime withináthe SCO asáa major priority. They believe that devising more international cooperation mechanisms ináthis sphere would constitute an adequate step towardsábuilding upáand upgrading capabilities forámaking effective joint use ofáthe emerging opportunities and countering new challenges and threats.
The member states have taken note ofáthe initiative byáthe Kyrgyz Republic toáestablish a mechanism forádiscussing ways toáfight economic crime.
The member states note that all manifestations ofácorruption threaten national and regional security. They reduce the efficiency ofágovernance, undermine the international prestige and appeal ofáthe states involved and impede their steady socioeconomic development. The countries favour further consolidation ofáinternational cooperation againstácorruption, and an increase ináthe authority and role ofáthe UN ináthe global anti-corruption drive, and support the relevant UN Convention.
The member states firmly advocate the preservation and consolidation ofáthe existing norms and mechanisms ofáglobal stability and arms control. They are concerned aboutáunilateral actions that undermine these mechanisms and express regret overáthe discontinuation ofáthe 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty betweenáthe Soviet Union and the United States.
The member states shall continue cooperating onáissues ofádisarmament and arms control, including non-proliferation ofánuclear weapons, peaceful uses ofánuclear energy, and political and diplomatic responses toáglobal and regions challenges toánon-proliferation.
The member states point outáagain that unlimited unilateral build-up ofáglobal missile defence systems byáindividual states or groups ofástates is undermining international security and stability. They consider any attempts toáensure national security atáthe expense ofáthe security ofáother states toábe unacceptable.
The member states stand forákeeping the outer space free ofáany weapons and note the importance ofástrict observance ofáthe existing regulations onáexclusively peaceful uses ofáspace. They emphasise the need toásign a legally binding international document that would ensure transparency and provide reliable guarantees forápreventing the arms race and refraining fromáfirst placement ofáweapons ináouter space. They welcome the efforts ofáthe UN's Group ofáGovernmental Experts toáreview and present their recommendations onáthe substantive points ofáthis document.
The member states emphasise the importance ofáthe Convention onáthe Prohibition ofáthe Development, Production and Stockpiling ofáBacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and onátheir Destruction (BTWC) asáa pillar ofáthe global security architecture. They point toáthe need toástrictly abide byáthe BTWC and advocate the adoption ofáa protocol that would envisage a reliable verification mechanism. They are opposed toácreating any mechanisms that duplicate the BTWC functions, including those covered byáthe competence ofáthe UN Security Council.
In response toáthe threats ofáchemical and biological terrorism, they reaffirm the need toálaunch multilateral talks onáthe international convention onácountering the acts ofáchemical and biological terrorism atáthe Conference onáDisarmament.
The member states urge full observance ofáthe Convention onáthe Prohibition ofáthe Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use ofáChemical Weapons and onátheir Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention) asáan effective disarmament and non-proliferation instrument. They emphasise the importance ofádestroying all declared stocks ofáchemical weapons asásoon asápossible.
The member states again declare their support foráthe Organisation foráthe Prohibition ofáChemical Weapons (OPCW). They advocate the adoption ofáagreed-upon decisions witháa view toáovercoming differences withináthe OPCW and ensuring its integrity and effective work ináaccordance witháthe convention.
The member states consider important the consistent implementation ofáthe Joint Comprehensive Plan ofáAction (JCPOA) onáthe Iranian nuclear programme ináline witháUN Security Council Resolution 2231, and urge all participants toástrictly fulfil all ofátheir commitments foráthe all-round and effective implementation ofáthe plan.
The member states that are parties toáthe Non-Proliferation Treaty support strict observance ofáthe NPT provisions, the comprehensive balanced promotion ofáall the goals and principles set forth ináit, the strengthening ofáthe global nuclear non-proliferation regime, the further nuclear disarmament process, and the advancement ofáequitable, mutually beneficial cooperation inápeaceful uses ofáatomic energy.
The member states believe that the Protocol onásecurity assurances toáthe Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty foráall signatory states should be enacted asásoon asápossible and will make a significant contribution toáregional security and the nuclear non-proliferation regime.
The member states emphasise that modern information and communications technology creates new advantages and development opportunities foráall humankind. They oppose discriminatory steps, taken underáany pretext, that can impede the development ofáthe digital economy and communications technology. They consider it necessary toáwork out, underáthe auspices ofáthe UN, universal rules, principles and norms ofáresponsible state behaviour inácyberspace ináorder toápromote the development ofáthe digital economy and communications technology, asáwell asáto prevent the use ofáthis technology forápurposes incompatible withámaintaining international peace, security and stability. The member states reaffirm their commitment toácontinue intensive exchanges ináthis area and coordinate their efforts onáinternational platforms, also ináorder toáensure information security ináthe SCO space. The coordinated position ofáthe Republic ofáKazakhstan, the People's Republic ofáChina, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic ofáPakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic ofáTajikistan and the Republic ofáUzbekistan witháregard toáfurther efforts onáthis track is laid outáin the Statement byáthe Council ofáHeads ofáState ofáthe SCO Member States onáCooperation ináInternational Information Security
The member states believe that putting together a SCO cooperation plan foráensuring international information security will further strengthen cooperation ináthis area.
The member states consider the soonest possible settlement ináAfghanistan asáone ofáthe most important factors inámaintaining and strengthening security and stability withináthe SCO space. They support the efforts made byáthe Afghan government and people toárestore peace, advance economic development and fight terrorism, extremism and drug-related crime. The member states emphasise that there is no alternative toáresolving the conflict ináAfghanistan throughápolitical dialogue and an inclusive peace process led and pursued byáthe Afghans themselves, and call forádeeper cooperation ofáall interested states and international organisations, witháthe central coordinating role ofáthe UN, ináorder toástabilise and develop that country. In this context, they attach great importance toáfurther interaction inávarious multilateral formats, including the SCO-Afghanistan Contact Group, the Moscow format consultations and others.
The member states welcome the Republic ofáTajikistan co-chairing the Heart ofáAsia ̵ Istanbul Process 2020 aimed atáexpanding regional cooperation onáAfghanistan, asáwell asáthe planned ninth ministerial conference ofáthe Istanbul Process ináDushanbe.
The member states point outáthat the dynamically developing global processes are posing new challenges toáthe regional countries when it comes toácoordinating common confidence-building measures and promoting cooperation. In this connection, they reiterate the need toácontinue expanding ties betweenáthe SCO and the Conference onáInteraction and Confidence-Building Measures ináAsia (CICA).
The member states welcome the outcome ofáthe 15th SCO Forum held oná29 September 2020 viaávideoconference, and emphasise the importance ofáthe further development ofáthe SCO Forum's activities asáa public advisory and expert mechanism.
The member states consider it important toágive a fresh impetus toáthe ties betweenátheir legislative assemblies and toápromote an exchange ofáexperience ináthe field ofástate governance and development.
Interaction ináthe judicial sphere
The member states express appreciation foráthe results ofáthe Supreme Court Chief Justices ofáthe SCO Member States' meetings held ináSochi oná17 ̵ 19 June 2019 and ináNur-Sultan oná30 October 2020. They believe that this mechanism has become a reliable platform foráproductive cooperation aimed atáfacilitating joint activities toáprotect human rights and freedoms and toápromote justice, law and order, which helps toácoordinate the functioning ofáthe SCO member states' courts, find solutions toáthe common challenges facing the regional countries' judicial systems, enhance the efficiency ofáinter-court collaboration, and create conditions forádeeper judicial reforms. They are convinced that effective cooperation betweenáthe SCO member states' supreme courts is conducive toámaintaining and strengthening mutual trust, neighbourliness and friendship, asáwell asámutually beneficial cooperation.
Trade and economic cooperation
The member states emphasise the importance ofáthe further improvement ofáthe global economic governance architecture and will work consistently toáuphold and strengthen an open, transparent, fair, inclusive and non-discriminatory trade system based onáthe principles and rules ofáthe World Trade Organisation (WTO), promote the development ofáan open global economy, and combat the unilateral protectionist measures, which are undermining the system ofámultilateral trade and endangering the global economy.
The member states view the WTO asáthe main platform forádiscussing the international trade agenda and adopting the rules ofáa multilateral trade system. In order toámake the WTO more resilient toáthe current and future challenges, the member states point outáthe need toáconduct an inclusive WTO reform asásoon asápossible, focusing onáits further development and adaptation toámodern economic realities, asáwell asáan efficient implementation ofáits monitoring, negotiating and dispute settlement functions. Emphasising the importance ofácomplying witháthe obligations adopted withináthe WTO framework, they will coordinate their approaches toámultilateral trade rules atáWTO ministerial conferences.
The member states regard the task ofáenhancing the wellbeing and living standards ofátheir people asáa priority. In this connection, they express appreciation foráthe initiative ofáthe Islamic Republic ofáPakistan toáestablish a Special Working Group onáPoverty Alleviation.
The member states call foráthe further strengthening ofácooperation inátrade, production, transport, energy, finance, investment, agriculture, customs, telecommunications, information technology, innovation and other spheres ofámutual concern ináthe interests ofáopen, inclusive, innovative, green and sustainable development.
The member states are committed toáfacilitating trade and investment forágradually introducing the free movement ofágoods, capital, services and technology, asástipulated byáthe SCO Charter. They spoke ináfavour ofáfurther efforts toádevise approaches toástreamlining regional trade asáper the Joint Communiqué byáSCO Heads ofáState onáSimplifying Trade Procedures, dated 10 June 2018.
Reaffirming their support foráChina's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), the Republic ofáKazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic ofáPakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic ofáTajikistan and the Republic ofáUzbekistan note the ongoing joint work onáthe project including efforts toápromote connectivity betweenáthe Eurasian Economic Union and BRI.
The member states believe ináthe importance ofáengaging the potential ofácountries ináthe region, asáwell asáinternational organisations and multilateral associations inábuilding a space forábroad, inclusive, mutually beneficial and equal cooperation ináEurasia inákeeping witháinternational law, primarily the principles ofáequality, mutual respect and taking intoáconsideration national interests. In this context, they noted the initiative byáthe Russian Federation toáestablish a Greater Eurasian Partnership witháthe participation ofáthe Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Association ofáSoutheast Asian Nations, asáwell asáother interested states and multilateral associations.
The member states emphasise the importance ofáconsistently implementing the Programme foráMultilateral Trade and Economic Cooperation and the corresponding Plan ofáAction. They note that the SCO has considerable economic and investment potential forástepping upátrade and economic cooperation. Expanding and strengthening cooperation ináfinance, investment, industry, transport, energy, agriculture and other areas, including througháthe development and implementation ofájoint programmes and projects, serves the interests ofásustainable socioeconomic development acrossáthe SCO region.
The member states believe ináthe importance ofástrengthening mutually beneficial cooperation and sharing best practices onámatters related toáthe digital economy, and upholding the principles ofáfair competition when developing digital technology. The Statement byáthe SCO Heads ofáState Council onáCooperation ináthe Digital Economy sets forth coordinated approaches ináthis sphere.
The SCO member states note the initiative byáthe People's Republic ofáChina toástep upáhigh technology cooperation and promote industrial applications foráadvanced technological solutions, and believe that the relevant ministries and agencies ináthe SCO member states should examine this proposal.
They call foráimplementing the Concept foráCooperation betweenáthe SCO Member States ináthe Sphere ofáDigitisation and Information and Communication Technology (Bishkek, 14 June 2019), including byádevising and adopting a plan ofáaction toáthis effect, asáwell asápromoting dialogue withináthe SCO Special Working Group foráInformation and Telecommunications Technology.
The member states note the initiative ofáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan toáestablish a mechanism foráfacilitating interaction betweenáthe heads ofáagencies inácharge ofápromoting information technology.
The member states support expanding the practice ofánational currency payments and increasing the share ofásuch payments ináthe mutual settlements betweenáthe interested SCO member states. They noted the outcome ofáthe roundtable meeting involving representatives ofáfinance ministries and central banks (held oná24 September 2020 viaávideoconference), including the discussion ofáthe roadmap forágradual transition toámutual payments inánational currencies. They found it expedient toácontinue working onámeasures toáresolve this issue, including establishment ofáan expert group.
The member states spoke ináfavour ofácontinuing consultations onáestablishing the SCO Development Bank and the SCO Development Fund (Special Account).
The member states note the initiatives focusing onácooperation inástrategic territorial and spatial planning, including exchange ofápractices and developing common approaches toádeveloping remote and rural areas, including sparsely populated areas, building an urban environment, including byámeans ofádigital technology. They find it important toámake practical steps ináthis area based onáthe Concept ofáCooperation onáthe Development ofáRemote and Rural Areas ináthe Digital Age, asáwell asáto develop an action plan foráimplementing the concept ináline witháthe objectives and principles ofáthe SCO Charter and other regulatory documents ofáthe Organisation.
The member states emphasise the importance ofácooperation betweenáscientific, research and analytical centres onáeconomic issues foráthe purpose ofáconducting a study and comprehensive analysis ofáthe factors affecting economic cooperation withináthe SCO withádue consideration ofáglobal and regional processes. They welcome the establishment ofáthe SCO Consortium ofáEconomic Analysis Centres and the results ofáits first meeting ináIndia.
The member states realise that the lack ofáaccess toásources ofásafe drinking water, basic sanitary services and healthy hygiene are serious problems inátoday's world, and note the importance ofápaying great attention toásustainable development and the integrated management ofáwater resources.
The member states confirm their support ofáthe Republic ofáTajikistan's efforts witháregard toáthe 2018 ̵ 2028 International Decade foráAction onáWater foráSustainable Development initiative, which seeks toáfacilitate achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and other water-related objectives. In this context, they note the preparations foráthe 2nd international high-level conference onáthe issue ináDushanbe.
The member states will continue toáfurther strengthen cooperation betweenáregions and concentrate onáimplementing the Programme foráthe Development ofáInterregional Cooperation. They welcomed the results ofáthe First SCO Member States' Heads ofáRegions Forum held oná29 October 2020 viaávideoconference and the initiative ofáthe People's Republic ofáChina onábuilding the Demonstration Zone foráChina-SCO Local Economic and Trade Cooperation ináQingdao.
The member states support promoting the potential ofáthe SCO Business Council, the SCO Interbank Consortium and the business communities' joint initiatives toástep upácooperation onáprojects ináthe areas ofáfinance, high technology, transport and communication infrastructure, power generation, and investment ináthe SCO space.
In this context, they noted the Russian initiative toáhave the SCO Interbank Consortium draw upáand approve a Roadmap onáOvercoming the Consequences ofáthe COVID-19 Pandemic foráthe SCO Economies, asáwell asáCommon Approaches toáusing national currencies inámutual settlements betweenáSCO member states.
The member states concur witháthe importance ofáfurther developing transport cooperation, including the creation ofánew and the upgrading ofáexisting international highway and rail routes, multimodal transport corridors and logistics centres, trade and tourism, the introduction ofádigital, innovation and energy-saving technologies, the streamlining ofátrans-border procedures inákeeping withábest international practices, and the implementation ofáother joint infrastructure projects ensuring the effective use ofáthe SCO member states' transiting potential. They note the need foráthe early coordination ofáthe draft Framework Agreement betweenáthe Governments ofáthe SCO Member States onáthe Formation ofáthe Integrated Transport Management System.
The member states will focus onáimplementing projects that ensure the expansion ofáthe region's transport and communications capabilities, including witháreliance onáthe potential ofáthe SCO observer states and dialogue partners, asáwell asáinternational organisations. In this connection, they noted the holding byáthe SCO Secretariat and the UN Economic Commission foráEurope ofáa joint themed event titled Implementation ofáthe 2030 Agenda foráSustainable Development alongáthe Trans-Continental Eurasian Transport Corridors (Geneva, 27 February 2020).
The member states stand forácreating new and ofámodernising the existing international multimodal logistics centres ináthe SCO space, including byápreparing a relevant programme aimed atáenhancing the level ofátransport connectivity ináthe region.
The member states noted the initiative byáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan toácreate a Regional Centre foráthe Development ofáTransport and Communications Connectivity ináCentral Asia underáUN aegis.
The member states are ináfavour ofáthe further development ofácollaboration betweenárail administrations based onáthe concept approved oná2 November 2019 ináTashkent.
The member states noted the initiative byáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan toádraft a strategy forácooperation betweenáSCO member states inápromoting transport connectivity.
The member states stressed the importance ofáfurther increasing energy and industrial cooperation. They noted the initiative advanced byáthe Republic ofáTajikistan onácreating mechanisms forámeetings ofáthe SCO energy ministers and meetings ofáthe ministers ofáindustry ofáthe SCO member states.
The member states will further strengthen cooperation ináagriculture, specifically focusing onáthe effective implementation ofáthe SCO Cooperation Programme onáFood Security (Dushanbe, 12 October 2018). They also consider it necessary toádevelop a package ofámeasures aimed atáimproving cooperation ináensuring food security, primarily byácreating an appropriate regulatory and legal framework, atáconducting awareness and analytical work ináthis area, joint training ofáspecialists and building cooperation witháinterested states and international organisations. The member states are confident that finalising and adopting a plan toáimplement this programme will be an important practical step.
The member states noted the relevance ofáthe initiative byáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan toáadopt a ˝oncept ofáthe SCO member states' cooperation inásmart agriculture and agricultural innovation.
The member states noted the initiative byáthe People's Republic ofáChina toáestablish an SCO Demonstration Zone foráagricultural exchanges and training ináYangling.
The member states think it necessary toástrengthen the potential ofátechnology parks, toájointly develop an innovation ecosystem, implement joint R&D projects, and start new digital projects ináthe SCO countries. They noted the initiative byáthe Republic ofáKazakhstan toáform a pool ofámodern technology parks ináthe SCO member states.
The member states noted the initiative byáthe Republic ofáIndia toáestablish a special working group onáinnovations and startups, and also welcomed the results ofáthe first SCO Startup Forum held viaávideoconference oná27 October 2020.
The member states intend, while recognising the importance ofáscience and technology innovation asáa key factor inámedium and long-term economic growth and global sustainable development, toáexpand cooperation ináscience, technology and innovation, toáconduct joint scientific research, and organise exchanges ofáexperience betweenáSCO scientists and scientific organisations toáfind new drivers ofáeconomic growth and solutions toáovercome common social challenges. They welcomed the results ofáthe 5th Meeting ofáthe Heads ofáScience and Technology Ministries and Departments ofáthe SCO Member States (Moscow, 21 November 2019) and reaffirmed the need forátheir consistent implementation.
The member states express concern aboutáthe drastic impact ofáthe desiccation ofáthe Aral Sea and underscore the importance ofáfurther cooperation witháthe UN, asáwell asáwith other interested states and agencies inátackling the problems ináthe Aral Sea basin. Taking intoáaccount the positions ofáthe parties, they noted the initiatives byáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan toáprepare a draft resolution ofáthe UN General Assembly declaring the Aral Sea region a zone ofáenvironmental technologies and innovations, asáwell asáto establish the UN International Day foráthe Protection and Conservation ofáEcosystems.
The member states noted the initiative ofáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan toádevelop the SCO Green Belt Programme toápromote a broad introduction ofáresource-saving, environmentally friendly technologies.
Cultural, humanitarian and public exchanges
The member states support the efforts toápromote the inter-civilisational dialogue and foster links ináeducation, science, technology, culture, humanitarian sphere and tourism, thereby further strengthening the relations ofáneighbourliness, friendship and cooperation. They will encourage the intercultural dialogue ináthe interest ofáthe peoples living acrossáthe SCO area, help increase the cultural diversity and cooperate ináexploring and protecting the region's cultural and natural heritage.
In this context, they note the role ofáthe regular World Nomad Games inápreserving and promoting the ancient nomad culture and traditions.
In keeping witháthe Agreement Between the Governments ofáthe SCO Member States onáCooperation ináCulture ofá2007, work will go onáto hold international festivals and competitions, expand cooperation inámusic, theatre and fine art, asáwell asáin film-making, TV and radio broadcasting and ináthe media, foster contacts betweenáarchives, museums and libraries, and encourage tourism acrossáthe SCO area and contacts betweenápeople, especially young people.
The member states believe it is important toádeclare the SCO Year ofáCulture asápart ofáthe celebrations toámark the 20th anniversary ofáthe SCO iná2021.
The member states praise India's proposal toáhold, ináa digital format, a joint exhibition ofáthe SCO Shared Buddhist Heritage ináNew Delhi fromá30 November 2020 throughá28 February 2021.
The member states note the importance ofávigorous efforts toásupport women's involvement inápolitics, the economy and the civil, social and other areas. They believe it is important that women regularly hold forums, congresses and meetings asápart ofáthe SCO events.
While recognising the role ofásport asáa key tool foráensuring peace, social integration and sustainable development, the member states note that the use ofáathletes and sporting events forápolitical purposes is unacceptable. They support the consistent efforts toáimplement the Agreement onáCooperation ináPhysical Fitness and Sport signed byáthe authorised bodies ofáthe SCO member states iná2019 and will help create favourable conditions forápromoting physical fitness and sport, seek toástrengthen friendly relations througháphysical fitness and sport, motivate athletes toátake part ináinternational sporting events, foster cooperation inádeveloping Olympic, Paralympic and national sports, and also facilitate direct contacts betweenásports federations.
The member states noted the initiative put forward byáthe Republic ofáTajikistan toádevelop a mechanism foráholding meetings ofáthe heads ofáthe sports bodies ináthe SCO member states.
The member states praise the efforts toáregularly hold SCO marathons ináKunming, People's Republic ofáChina, and the Issyk-Kul Region ináthe Kyrgyz Republic. They believe the 2022 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games ináBeijing will contribute toástrengthening friendship and promoting mutual understanding and accord betweenánations.
The member states will continue toáconsistently develop cooperation inátourism and help introduce measures toáexpand tourist exchanges and step upácooperation witháthe World Tourism Organisation. They remain committed toáholding a series ofáthe SCO Eight Wonders events, which are aimed atácreating a single tourist space.
The member states emphasise the need toácontinue efforts toáreduce the risks ofádisasters and develop emergency response potential. They intend toáenhance their cooperation ináareas such asáthe exchange ofáreal-time information, personnel training, and holding ofájoint exercises onárelief efforts followingánatural disasters and industrial accidents. They are also going toápromote cooperation onáearly warning and disaster relief ináborder areas, inápart, byáinvolving SCO observers and dialogue partners ináthese efforts and developing cooperation witháother multilateral mechanisms ináthis area.
The member states highly praised the results ofáthe 10th SCO Meeting ofáHeads ofáEmergency Prevention and Relief Agencies and SCO Joint Exercise onáUrban Earthquake Search and Rescue (New Delhi 4 ̵ 8 November 2019).
The member states pointed toáthe importance ofáimplementing the SCO Concept ofáCooperation ináEnvironmental Protection forá2019 ̵ 2021 and the Programme foráDeveloping Environmental Wellbeing ofáSCO Cities.
The member states noted the activities ofáthe SCO Youth Council and praised the results ofáits regular meeting ináMoscow oná29 ̵ 31October 2020. They emphasised the need foráthe Youth Council's continued participation ináimplementing the provisions ofáthe Joint Address ofáthe SCO Heads ofáState foráthe Youth and the 10 June 2018 Programme ofáAction onáits fulfilment.
The member states welcomed the decisions ofáIndia and Pakistan toájoin the SCO Youth Council.
They noted the timeliness ofáthe initiative ofáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan toádraft a convention onáyouth rights and expressed their readiness toátake an active part inácoordinating this document.
The member states advocate the development ofáyouth entrepreneurship and the drafting ofáspecial acceleration programmes onáupgrading the competence ofáyoung business people ináconducting economic activities acrossáthe SCO space. They support the SCO Youth Council's project onáthe International Youth Business Incubator ofáthe SCO Countries.
The member states noted the results ofáthe Model SCO student meeting (Moscow, 3 July 2020) and welcome the holding ofáModel SCO intellectual contests foráschool and university students.
The member states reaffirm their commitment toácooperation onácountering infectious diseases and response toásanitary-epidemiological emergencies witháa view toáminimising the negative impact ofáinfections onáthe public health systems ofáeach state and the socio-economic and humanitarian situation ináthe region. They welcomed the results ofáthe regular meeting ofáthe SCO Heads ofáDepartments onáSanitary-Epidemiological Wellbeing (Moscow, 16 December 2019).
The member states stand foráthe further development ofácooperation and implementation ofácomprehensive measures aimed atáensuring their readiness toárespond toáthe threat ofáinfectious diseases, quickly discover any outbreaks and react toásanitary-epidemiological emergencies. They emphasised the need toádraft a multilateral mechanism foráexchanging information onáthe signs ofáinfectious diseases ináthe SCO space and adopted response measures ináconformity witháthe WHO International Health Regulations (2005).
They also advocated close cooperation betweenáresearch centres, conducting joint research and development ofánew means ofádiagnosing and preventing dangerous infections.
The member states noted the initiative byáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan toáset upáa permanent SCO platform onáemergency response, prevention and countering ofáthe cross-border spread ofádangerous infections.
Opposing the attempts toástigmatise the coronavirus, the member states emphasise the need toáfurther promote international cooperation onácountering its spread and eliminating the global political and socio-economic consequences ofáthe pandemic. In this context, they adopted the Statement byáthe Council ofáHeads ofáState ofáthe SCO Member States onáJoint Response Efforts Against the Novel Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19).
The member states welcomed the inclusion ofáthe item onáconsumer rights protection ináthe SCO agenda. They emphasised the importance ofáfurther improving the system ofáconsumer rights protection, especially considering the globalisation ofáthe e-commerce market, growing transborder trade and digitisation ofápersonal information and development ofácooperation onáthese issues.
The member states reaffirmed their intention toáexpand information cooperation, inápart, byáimplementing the Agreement betweenáthe governments ofáthe SCO Member States onácooperation ináthe field ofámass media ofá14 June 2019. They consider it necessary toádevelop contacts betweenátheir media outlets, inápart, ináthe digital space and betweenáthe press services ofátheir government bodies.
The member states emphasise the importance ofápublic diplomacy inádeveloping mutual trust, enhancing understanding and expanding cultural and humanitarian ties ináthe SCO.
They noted the activities ofáthe Chinese Committee onáNeighbourliness, Friendship and Cooperation and the SCO Public Diplomacy Centre ináTashkent and also the initiative ofáthe Kyrgyz Republic toáestablish the SCO Cultural Integration Centre.
The member states reaffirm their intention toástep upáforeign policy coordination ináthe SCO format withináthe UN and its specialised agencies, asáwell asáin other international platforms. They will expand their cooperation, hold consultations and develop contacts throughátheir foreign ministries, embassies and the permanent missions ofáthe SCO member states toáthe UN and other international organisations.
The member states emphasise that the UN General Assembly resolution titled "Cooperation betweenáthe United Nations and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation" (New York, 30 August 2019), adopted byáconsensus, reaffirms that the two organisations maintain intensive dialogue and stipulates that the international community recognises the SCO's contribution toáachieving the UN's goals, objectives and implementing its agenda. They confirmed their intention toásubmit another draft resolution toáthis effect asápart ofáthe 75th session ofáthe UN General Assembly.
The member states have praised the outcome ofáthe UN Security Council meeting on "Cooperation betweenáthe UN and regional and sub-regional organisations inácountering threats toápeace and security: the contribution byáthe SCO, the CIS and the CSTO toácountering terrorism" (New York, 25 September 2019), asáwell asáthe special SCO-UN high-level event "Cooperation toápromote peace, security and stability: preventing the linking ofáterrorism witháorganised crime and financing throughádrug trafficking" (New York, 19 November 2019), held atáthe initiative ofáthe Russian Federation.
Being a responsible and influential contributor toáinternational efforts toáensure peace and steady development acrossáthe Eurasian space, the SCO will continue taking coordinated steps toácounter emerging threats and challenges ináthe region.
The member states reaffirm their unwavering support forástrengthening equal and indivisible security ináEurasia based onáthe rule ofáinternational law, non-interference inádomestic affairs and settling disputes throughápeaceful means.
The member states are committed toáfurther engaging observers and dialogue partners inámeaningful trade, economic, cultural and humanitarian cooperation, including withináthe framework ofáthe SCO Business Council, the SCO Interbank Association and the SCO Energy Club. They are focused onáconsistently followingáthe roadmap forástepping upáties betweenáthe SCO Secretariat, observers and dialogue partners.
The member states call forámore contacts witháinternational and regional associations and organisations.
The member states will continue strengthening their cooperation withináthe SCO toáelevate it toáa new level and turn the SCO space intoáa region ofálasting peace, friendship, universal prosperity and harmony.
The member states praise the Russian Federation's SCO chairmanship iná2019 ̵ 2020 and its results, which helped consolidate mutual trust and understanding, promote constructive and effective cooperation, and neighbourly relations and friendship betweenátheir peoples.
The member states will further promote constructive dialogue, expanded and deeper partnership and multifaceted cooperation forábringing aboutáeffective solutions toáregional and global issues, reinforcing political and economic stability and building a world order ofájustice and equity.
10 November 2020
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