Dmitry Kosyrev, political commentator New giants in SCO alliance / SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organization

The website has been created with the financial assistance

of the Federal Agency for Press and Mass Communications

of the Russian Federation

Make Infoshos my homepageContact usAdd to FavoritesHome
Member States:
18:31Astana
17:01Tehran
18:31Bishkek
18:01Delhi
20:31Beijing
16:31Moscow
17:31Islamabad
17:31Dushanbe
17:31Tashkent
Observer States:
15:31Minsk
20:31Ulan-Bator
17:01Kabul
Партнеры по диалогу::
17:01Yerevan
18:01Katmandu
15:31Cairo
16:31Doha
16:31Riyadh
15:31Ankara
19:31Phnom Penh
18:01Sri Dzhayavardenepura Kotte
New giants in SCO alliance
07.06.2017 11:34 Dmitry Kosyrev, political commentator

At the SCO summit in Astana in June 2017, two national flags – of India and Pakistan – will be put alongside the flags of the Organization’s full members. And there will be other ceremonies devoted to the long-awaited event – their joining the ranks of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

The two South Asian countries’ road to full membership in the SCO was long, and one of them – India – has undergone a dramatic change during this time. Today it is a completely different country from what it was, say, five years ago. Pakistan has remained mostly the same, but India is living out a true revolution. An ideological, political and even religious revolution. So let’s try to understand what is going on in the country that has joined the SCO.

 

One party

 

We will start with religion, namely, Hinduism, the main religion of India. It should be noted that the word “Hindu” means not any citizen of India, but an adherent of Hinduism. A Muslim or a Sikh can be Indians (or US citizens, for example), but they are not Hindu.

The essence of the revolution India has been witnessing in recent years is that its Hindu majority has remembered its unique religious and cultural identity, has become proud of it and has been putting a lot of questions to politicians – questions that were not to be asked outside of one’s circle of friends or one’s street. Questions that have been eating at the stability of society for a long time.

This process, as we now understand, was underlying for the magnificent victory of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party at the general election in spring 2014. But one election, even a national one, could pass as a one-off and even accidental event, an emotional outburst of the voters.

There, however, followed an almost uninterrupted chain of victories. For example, the victory in the local election in the state of Uttar Pradesh in early March 2017 was even more convincing than in 2014. This is the country’s main state in many respects, with a population of 200 million people. Now BJP has power not only at the federal level. Today it rules, independently or in coalition with local parties, in 17 states. The former main party of India, the Indian National Congress, remained in power in 4 states, and another two states are ruled by left-wing parties.

This is a complete change of the political landscape (actually, self-destruction of the Congress). And a complete change of national ideology. It is as if after Donald Trump’s victory in the US the Democratic Party would be gradually fading from the horizon, preserving influence only in California and New York. And only the Republicans were left, who are, by the way, ideological brothers of BJP in certain aspects.

Remarkably, ideologists and analysts from India (and, for example, China) say that the “Trump revolution” is global and began in India in 2014. Now the world’s biggest powers have similarly minded leaders: Xi Jinping in China, Narendra Modi in India and Vladimir Putin in Russia. Plus Donald Trump in the United States and several politicians in smaller countries. What is common about them is that they all represent a rise of the national feeling and identity instead of “universal values.” The era of return of national states is here, even though it does not mean that they will love each other in any situation. On the contrary, the world may have become a more dangerous place because of it.

The new India in the SCO means many things, such as an opportunity for greater rapprochement with the alliance’s members and a difficult transitional period.

 

 

Own values

The general picture of change in India can be divided into plenty of minor episodes. In Uttar Pradesh, after BJP’s victory, the authorities decided to abolish state subsidies to Muslims for their Hajj to Mecca if they can afford to pay for it. Not only because no one pays Hindus for a trip to the sacred river Ganges, but because of corrupted schemes within the subsidies system. And because the Hajj is supposed to be paid for with one’s own money, though no one denies the need to help the poor.

Why wasn’t it done earlier? The answer found in discussions ongoing in Indian mass media is unexpected. Under the Indian National Congress, the country lived with the “universal values” idea for 70 years, believing that religion is separated from the state and that all religious communities should be equal in India. The idea is great, but its implementation was far from it. It so happened that the overwhelming majority, the Hindus, considered themselves oppressed, while minorities, in order to achieve equality, were given special rights, such as Hajj subsidies and many other privileges.

This was a replay of the situation with the black population of the US, who should not only be called with the absurd term “African Americans,” but also paid for their minority status. This creates huge ghettos of people who do not need to work, and this makes them angry and hate the white majority.

As soon as a political force emerged in India who broke the conspiracy of silence with regard to these topics, the entire country came to vote for it. The defeated Congress calls this force, BJP, a “religious” and “Hindu” party, thinking that it is an accusation. However, Germany has two parties with the word “Christian” in their names, and they are in power, and nobody seems to mind. And Germany is not the only example.

Another episode: the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh is a person from BJP, Yogi Adityanath, who is extremely popular. He is not just Hindu, he is a monk of a religious order, which did not happen often in the past. The state of Gujarat is preparing a bill under which suspects in cases of murders of holy (i.e. any) cows will no longer be released on bail.

India is building itself anew, and this is a turbulent and dangerous process. Winners behave differently, and sometimes they are vengeful and unkind.

It is curious to see general words and mottos in Indian newspapers: “restoration of hope for reviving Hindu identity,” “be proud to say that you are a Hindu,” “wearing bindi used to be a sign of backwardness, but everything changed when the young generation confidently embraced their religion.”

It is obvious what is going on: the new generation is tired of supranational values and has remembered the traditional Indian and Hindu ones. One could talk about Hinduism for ages, but the general impression is that its key ideas are similar to those of Christianity, and also of Islam and other religions, for what it’s worth. Non-violence and suppression of own anger, compromise through a dialog, belief in the good as part of the original moral world order of the Universe… By the way, thousands of Orthodox Christian pilgrims from Russia feel at home in India – first of all, spiritually.

But how does an Indian’s everyday life change from realization that he or she has values distinguishing them from or bringing them closer to other nations? After all, they remained what they were, it just that in the past they, like Moliere’s famous character, “didn’t know that they were speaking in prose.”

Still, a lot has changed, and it seems that people now feel better. That is, we see something that has to do with organization of man, who cannot exist for no reason, without a purpose and a goal, just for the sake of living.

And a quote of the day in an Indian newspaper. They publish one daily, choosing something that relates to the present moment. This time, they chose John Stuart Mill, the British philosopher (1806-1873), who wrote, “War is an ugly thing, but not the ugliest of things. The decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks that nothing is worth war is much worse.”

Why live if “nothing” is all there is?

 

SCO may gain importance for Delhi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is building a new India. He was known as a talented manager when he was Chief Minister of Gujarat. Now his plans include kilometers of roads and bridges, new cities, surging GDP (last year, India outran China for the growth rate), a new healthcare system and garbage disposal. But why did his predecessor fail with this, why was the country stagnated and depressed under them, even though nothing terrible seemed to happen? It is not about GDP growth and happiness being two different things. It is about what gives rise to what – economic growth to optimism or vice versa?

So, we have a new country with huge prospects, the cosmopolitan elite that has been taught a tough lesson at the elections (Congress leaders and ideologists) and the new, national elite that is securing its power. Moreover, it is a country with a new and quite active foreign policy, paying key attention to its neighbors, whom it did not consider important in the past. So it is building some kind of a big Indian world, even despite the traditionally tense, even aggravated, relations with Pakistan.

Let’s not forget, however, that the application to the SCO was made by the government of the INC, but full membership was granted to a completely different government. This means at least two things. Purely logistical trouble, when the new persons in charge of the SCO relations may not know the plans of their predecessors. The same is true about the expert community, consisting mostly of INC members. That is, there will be delays, mutual misunderstandings and similar things with Indians within the SCO. Another thing is the elated, turbulent atmosphere in India, which often may not have time for the SCO.

It is clear and simple with Pakistan. The SCO needs it as a country bordering on Afghanistan, a source of trouble and business opportunities for other member states. Pakistan is a long-time partner of China, and it is overall logical to move it several steps deeper in the regional structures where China has been present from the very beginning to discuss security issues and prospects of the region’s development on a par with other members.

The only thing that is clear with regard to India is that it is a very independent and big global force and that Central Asia, in theory, may prove more important for the incumbent government than it was for the previous one. The past Indian elite believed that Central Asia is something where India should generally develop its presence, but there was no hurry. The new one will be building a new policy in the region while being part of the SCO, though not only of it. Yet it is impossible to say now what kind of policy it will be.

  • Add Comment
  • Print

Leave a comment

*
*
*
 

More

SCO Secretary-General presents certificates to Model SCO winners
24.12.2020 16:13
"Shanghai spirit" provides a solid foundation for solidarity. SCO Secretary-General’s interview on the occasion of International Human Solidarity Day
24.12.2020 16:08
New prospects for SCO cooperation in international law outlined
07.12.2020 17:34
SCO Council of National Coordinators approves package of documents for upcoming SCO Heads of Government Council meeting
01.12.2020 16:56
SCO Secretary-General meets with Ambassador of Pakistan to China
18.11.2020 17:52
The Moscow Declaration of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
18.11.2020 17:18
SCO Secretary-General's press conference on the results of the SCO Summit
18.11.2020 17:07
Summit to define SCO's postpandemic era
11.11.2020 14:39
The press conference of the SCO Secretary-General
11.11.2020 14:13
SCO Secretariat presents series of cultural and sports events for 2020-2021
20.10.2020 11:36
* Реестр иностранных средств массовой информации, выполняющих функции иностранного агента:
Голос Америки, Idel.Реалии, Кавказ.Реалии, Крым.Реалии, Телеканал Настоящее Время, Azatliq Radiosi, PCE/PC, Сибирь.Реалии, Фактограф, Север.Реалии, Радио Свобода, MEDIUM-ORIENT, Пономарев Лев Александрович, Савицкая Людмила Алексеевна, Маркелов Сергей Евгеньевич, Камалягин Денис Николаевич, Апахончич Дарья Александровна, Medusa Project, Первое антикоррупционное СМИ, VTimes.io, Баданин Роман Сергеевич, Гликин Максим Александрович, Маняхин Петр Борисович, Ярош Юлия Петровна, Чуракова Ольга Владимировна, Железнова Мария Михайловна, Лукьянова Юлия Сергеевна, Маетная Елизавета Витальевна, The Insider SIA, Рубин Михаил Аркадьевич, Гройсман Софья Романовна, Рождественский Илья Дмитриевич, Апухтина Юлия Владимировна, Постернак Алексей Евгеньевич, Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Телеканал Дождь, Петров Степан Юрьевич, Istories fonds, Шмагун Олеся Валентиновна, Мароховская Алеся Алексеевна, Долинина Ирина Николаевна, Шлейнов Роман Юрьевич, Анин Роман Александрович, Великовский Дмитрий Александрович, Альтаир 2021, Ромашки монолит, Главный редактор 2021, Вега 2021
* Сведения реестра НКО, выполняющих функции иностранного агента:
Фонд защиты прав граждан Штаб, Институт права и публичной политики, Лаборатория социальных наук, Фонд по борьбе с коррупцией, Альянс врачей, НАСИЛИЮ.НЕТ, Мы против СПИДа, Фонд защиты прав граждан, СВЕЧА, Гуманитарное действие, Открытый Петербург, Феникс ПЛЮС, Лига Избирателей, Правовая инициатива, Гражданская инициатива против экологической преступности, Фонд борьбы с коррупцией, Гражданский Союз, Российский Красный Крест, Центр Хасдей Ерушалаим, Центр поддержки и содействия развитию средств массовой информации, Горячая Линия, В защиту прав заключенных, Институт глобализации и социальных движений, Центр социально-информационных инициатив Действие, ВМЕСТЕ, Благотворительный фонд охраны здоровья и защиты прав граждан, Благотворительный фонд помощи осужденным и их семьям, Фонд Тольятти, Новое время, Серебряная тайга, Так-Так-Так, центр Сова, центр Анна, Проект Апрель, Самарская губерния, Эра здоровья, правозащитное общество Мемориал, Аналитический Центр Юрия Левады, Издательство Парк Гагарина, Фонд имени Андрея Рылькова, Сфера, Центр защиты СИБАЛЬТ, Уральская правозащитная группа, Женщины Евразии, Рязанский Мемориал, Екатеринбургское общество МЕМОРИАЛ, Институт прав человека, Фонд защиты гласности, Российский исследовательский центр по правам человека, Дальневосточный центр развития гражданских инициатив и социального партнерства, Пермский региональный правозащитный центр, Гражданское действие, Центр независимых социологических исследований, Сутяжник, АКАДЕМИЯ ПО ПРАВАМ ЧЕЛОВЕКА, Частное учреждение Совета Министров северных стран, Центр развития некоммерческих организаций, Гражданское содействие, Центр Трансперенси Интернешнл-Р, Центр Защиты Прав Средств Массовой Информации, Институт развития прессы - Сибирь, Фонд поддержки свободы прессы, Гражданский контроль, Человек и Закон, Общественная комиссия по сохранению наследия академика Сахарова, Информационное агентство МЕМО. РУ, Институт региональной прессы, Институт Развития Свободы Информации, Экозащита!-Женсовет, Общественный вердикт, Евразийская антимонопольная ассоциация, Чанышева Лилия Айратовна, Сидорович Ольга Борисовна, Таранова Юлия Николаевна, Туровский Александр Алексеевич, Васильева Анастасия Евгеньевна, Ривина Анна Валерьевна, Бурдина Юлия Владимировна, Бойко Анатолий Николаевич, Гусева Ольга Андреевна, Дугин Сергей Георгиевич, Пивоваров Андрей Сергеевич, Писемский Евгений Александрович, Аверин Виталий Евгеньевич, Барахоев Магомед Бекханович, Шевченко Дмитрий Александрович, Жданов Иван Юрьевич, Рубанов Роман Викторович, Шарипков Олег Викторович, Мальсагов Муса Асланович, Мошель Ирина Ароновна, Шведов Григорий Сергеевич, Пономарев Лев Александрович, Каргалицкий Борис Юльевич, Созаев Валерий Валерьевич, Исакова Ирина Александровна, Исламов Тимур Рифгатович, Романова Ольга Евгеньевна, Щаров Сергей Алексадрович, Цирульников Борис Альбертович, Халидова Марина Владимировна, Людевиг Марина Зариевна, Федотова Галина Анатольевна, Паутов Юрий Анатольевич, Верховский Александр Маркович, Пислакова-Паркер Марина Петровна, Кочеткова Татьяна Владимировна, Чуркина Наталья Валерьевна, Акимова Татьяна Николаевна, Золотарева Екатерина Александровна, Рачинский Ян Збигневич, Жемкова Елена Борисовна, Гудков Лев Дмитриевич, Илларионова Юлия Юрьевна, Саранг Анна Васильевна, Захарова Светлана Сергеевна, Аверин Владимир Анатольевич, Щур Татьяна Михайловна, Щур Николай Алексеевич, Блинушов Андрей Юрьевич, Мосин Алексей Геннадьевич, Гефтер Валентин Михайлович, Симонов Алексей Кириллович, Флиге Ирина Анатольевна, Мельникова Валентина Дмитриевна, Вититинова Елена Владимировна, Баженова Светлана Куприяновна, Исаев Сергей Владимирович, Максимов Сергей Владимирович, Беляев Сергей Иванович, Голубева Елена Николаевна, Ганнушкина Светлана Алексеевна, Закс Елена Владимировна, Буртина Елена Юрьевна, Гендель Людмила Залмановна, Кокорина Екатерина Алексеевна, Шуманов Илья Вячеславович, Арапова Галина Юрьевна, Пастухова Анна Яковлевна, Прохоров Вадим Юрьевич, Шахова Елена Владимировна, Подузов Сергей Васильевич, Протасова Ирина Вячеславовна, Литинский Леонид Борисович, Лукашевский Сергей Маркович, Бахмин Вячеслав Иванович, Шабад Анатолий Ефимович, Сухих Дарья Николаевна, Орлов Олег Петрович, Добровольская Анна Дмитриевна, Королева Александра Евгеньевна, Смирнов Владимир Александрович, Вицин Сергей Ефимович, Золотухин Борис Андреевич, Левинсон Лев Семенович, Локшина Татьяна Иосифовна, Орлов Олег Петрович, Полякова Мара Федоровна, Резник Генри Маркович, Захаров Герман Константинович
* Единый федеральный список организаций, в том числе иностранных и международных организаций, признанных в соответствии с законодательством Российской Федерации террористическими:
Высший военный Маджлисуль Шура, Конгресс народов Ичкерии и Дагестана, Аль-Каида, Асбат аль-Ансар, Священная война, Исламская группа, Братья-мусульмане, Партия исламского освобождения, Лашкар-И-Тайба, Исламская группа, Движение Талибан, Исламская партия Туркестана, Общество социальных реформ, Общество возрождения исламского наследия, Дом двух святых, Джунд аш-Шам, Исламский джихад, Аль-Каида, Имарат Кавказ, АБТО, Правый сектор, Исламское государство, Джабха аль-Нусра ли-Ахль аш-Шам, Народное ополчение имени К. Минина и Д. Пожарского, Аджр от Аллаха Субхану уа Тагьаля SHAM, АУМ Синрике, Муджахеды джамаата Ат-Тавхида Валь-Джихад, Чистопольский Джамаат, Рохнамо ба суи давлати исломи, Террористическое сообщество Сеть, Катиба Таухид валь-Джихад, Хайят Тахрир аш-Шам, Ахлю Сунна Валь Джамаа
* Перечень общественных объединений и религиозных организаций в отношении которых судом принято вступившее в законную силу решение о ликвидации или запрете деятельности:
Национал-большевистская партия, ВЕК РА, Рада земли Кубанской Духовно Родовой Державы Русь, Асгардская Славянская Община Асгардской Веси Беловодья, Славянская Община Капища Веды Перуна, Мужская Духовная Семинария Староверов-Инглингов, Нурджулар, К Богодержавию, Таблиги Джамаат, Русское национальное единство, Национал-социалистическое общество, Джамаат мувахидов, Объединенный Вилайат Кабарды, Балкарии и Карачая, Союз славян, Ат-Такфир Валь-Хиджра, Пит Буль, Национал-социалистическая рабочая партия России, Славянский союз, Формат-18, Благородный Орден Дьявола, Армия воли народа, Национальная Социалистическая Инициатива города Череповца, Духовно-Родовая Держава Русь, Русское национальное единство, Древнерусской Инглистической церкви Православных Староверов-Инглингов, Русский общенациональный союз, Движение против нелегальной иммиграции, Кровь и Честь, О свободе совести и о религиозных объединениях, Омская организация Русское национальное единство, Северное Братство, Клуб Болельщиков Футбольного Клуба Динамо, Файзрахманисты, Мусульманская религиозная организация п. Боровский, Община Коренного Русского народа Щелковского района, Правый сектор, Украинская национальная ассамблея, Украинская повстанческая армия, Тризуб им. Степана Бандеры, Украинская организация «Братство», Свидетели Иеговы, О противодействии экстремистской деятельности, РЕВТАТПОД, Артподготовка, Штольц, В честь иконы Божией Матери Державная, Сектор 16, Независимость, Организация футбольных болельщиков «Фирма», Молодежная правозащитная группа МПГ, Курсом Правды и Единения, Каракольская инициативная группа, Автоград Крю, Союз Славянских Сил Руси, Алля-Аят, Благотворительный пансионат Ак Умут, Русская республика Русь, Арестантское уголовное единство, Башкорт, Нация и свобода, W.H.С., Фалунь Дафа, Иртыш Ultras, Русский Патриотический клуб-Новокузнецк/РПК, Сибирский державный союз, Фонд борьбы с коррупцией, Фонд защиты прав граждан, Штабы Навального

Сообщите об орфографической ошибке

Сообщить
Выделенный текст слишком длинный.