On 20 September 2017, the Extraordinary Meeting ofáthe Council ofáMinisters ofáForeign Affairs ofáthe Shanghai Cooperation Organization (hereinafter refered toáas "the SCO" or "the Organization") was held ináNew York duringáthe 72nd Session ofáthe United Nations (UN) General Assembly. Foreign Minister ofáthe Republic ofáIndia Sushma Swaraji, Foreign Minister ofáthe Republic ofáKazakhstan Kairat Abdrakhmanov, Foreign Minister ofáthe People's Republic ofáChina Wang Yi, Foreign Minister ofáthe Kyrgyz Republic Erlan Abdyldayev, Foreign Minister ofáthe Islamic Republic ofáPakistan Khanwaja Asif, Foreign Minister ofáthe Russian Federation Sergey Lavrov, Foreign Minister ofáthe Republic ofáTajikistan Sirodjidin Aslov and Foreign Minister ofáthe Republic ofáUzbekistan Abdulaziz Kamilov attended the meeting.
Foreign Minister ofáthe People's Republic ofáChina Wang Yi chaired the meeting.
SCO Secretary-General Rashid Alimov and Director ofáthe Executive Committee ofáthe SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure Yevgeny Sysoyev also took part ináthe meeting.
The foreign ministers noted that foráthe pastá16 years sinceáits establishment, the SCO has made a major contribution toáregional peace, security and sustainable development, strengthened good neighborliness and partnership amongácountries, and become a force withásignificant influence onáthe international stage. On 9 June 2017, the meeting ofáthe SCO Council ofáHeads ofáState ináAstana decided onáthe membership ofáIndia and Pakistan, which has opened new opportunities and prospects foráthe Organization's development, and enhanced its international prestige and role.
The foreign ministers exchanged views onáthe SCO's prospects, pressing international and regional issues, and onáhow toáenhance the SCO's coordination witháthe UN and other multilateral organizations, and deepen cooperation amongáthe SCO member states underáthe framework ofáthe UN and other international and regional organizations.
The foreign ministers stressed that it is important toácarry forward the "Shanghai Spirit" ofámutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect forácultural diversity, and pursuit ofácommon development, and pointed outáthat the Charter ofáthe Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the Treaty onáLong-term Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation betweenáthe Member States ofáthe Shanghai Cooperation Organization asáwell asáother fundamental legal documents are ofágreat significance.
The foreign ministers supported comprehensive and deeper-level cooperation ofáthe SCO inápolitical, security, economic, people-to-people exchanges, external communication, institutional building and other fields ináorder foráthe Organization toáachieve new progress.
The foreign ministers pointed outáthat asáthe world becomes increasingly multi-polar, the strengthening ofánew political and economic centers is irreversible. Meanwhile, global uncertainties are onáthe rise, block thinking and the Cold War mentality are resurging, and principles ofáinternational law such asánon-interference ináinternal affairs are undermined. Economic globalization is facing headwinds, global economic growth is not yet steady, and conflicts arising fromáunbalanced development and unfair distribution have worsened.
The foreign ministers noted that despiteáincreasing uncertainties ináthe current international situation, peaceful coexistence and sustainable development remains the theme ofáthe times. It is imperative toáuphold multilaterism ináaddressing major issues, and tackle various threats and challenges througháby jointly improving the global governance mechanism, and work towardáa community witháshared future ofámankind and a new model ofáinternational relations.
The foreign ministers stressed that the UN is the most universal, representative and authoritative international organization. They expressed readiness toáfirmly uphold the purposes and principles ofáthe Charter ofáthe United Nations, enhance coordination withináthe UN framework, and strengthen the UN's central role ináinternational cooperation inásuch fields aságlobal governance, safeguarding world peace, promoting common development, and combating terrorism, separatism and extremism. They support the SCO inádeepening cooperation witháthe UN and its specialized agencies toásafeguard world peace, solve hot issues, and safeguard the security, stability and sustainable development ofáthe SCO region and beyond.
The foreign ministers reiterated their opposition toáany "double standards" vis-a-vis terrorists and any attempt toáinterfere ináother countries' internal affairs or toáundermine the leading roles ofácompetent departments ofáthe countries ináthe name ofácounter-terrorism.
In view ofáthis, the foreign ministers agreed onáthe need toáexpeditiously ratify the Anti-extremism Convention ofáthe Shanghai Cooperation Organization signed oná9 June 2017; and they resolved toátake further coordination measures toástrengthen cooperation inádealing withácommon security challenges and threats and safeguarding national interests.
The foreign ministers expressed concern overáthe developments onáthe Korean Peninsula. They noted that Resolution 2375 adopted byáthe UN Security Council oná11 September 2017 was a reasonable response toáDPRK's nuclear test oná3 September. They called forástrict implementation ofáthe resolution byáSCO member states toápromote a political and diplomatic settlement ofáthe Korean Peninsula issue. Recognizing the importance ofáthe relevant proposals put forward byáChina and Russia, the foreign ministers emphasized that the negotiation process must be launched asáquickly asápossible toáease the situation.
The foreign ministers noted the efforts ofáthe government and people ofáthe Islamic Republic ofáAfghanistan toáachieve peace, stability and prosperity ofátheir country and toáget rid ofáterrorism, extremism and drug-related crimes; and they believed that the UN should play a core role inácoordinating international cooperation forápromoting stability and development ináAfghanistan. The foreign ministers welcomed Afghanistan's participation ináregional cooperation processes and stressed the need toáimplement, asásoon asápossible, the consensus reached byáthe heads ofáSCO member states inárespect ofáthe continuous work ofáthe SCOáŚ Afghanistan Liaison Group afteráthe expansion.
In view ofáthe current state ofáthe world economy, the foreign ministers agreed toáfurther develop and expand economic and trade cooperation withináthe SCO framework, and stressed that the use ofáunilateral restrictions asáa tool forápolitical and economic pressurizing would only set upábarriers foráeconomic and investment cooperation betweenácountries and prove toábe unconstructive and futile. The foreign ministers expressed their support foráthe creation ofáenabling conditions toágradually realize the free flows ofágoods, capital, services and technologies asáenvisioned ináthe SCO Charter.
In order toáeffectively implement the priority economic and investment projects withináthe SCO framework, the foreign ministers expressed their support foráactive discussions onáthe establishment ofáan SCO development bank and an SCO development fund (special account).
The foreign ministers considered the upcoming Meeting ofáthe SCO Council ofáHeads ofáGovernment toábe held ináthe Russian Federation iná2017 asáan opportunity toáoutline the priorities and specific measures foráfurther cooperation ináthe economic and cultural fields.
The foreign ministers underscored the importance toáimplement the outcomes ofáthe meeting ofáthe SCO Council ofáHeads ofáState (9 June 2017, Astana). They welcomed the work plan proposed byáthe People's Republic ofáChina asáthe Chair ofáthe SCO forá2017-2018, and reiterated their support.
A number ofádocuments onáinternational cooperation and administrative affairs byáthe SCO and its standing bodies were signed asáan outcome ofáthe meeting.
The foreign ministers spoke highly ofáChina's organization ofáthis extraordinary meeting and thanked the UN Secretariat foráits assistance.
The meeting was held ináa traditional atmosphere ofáfriendship and mutual understanding amongáSCO member states.