The apparent crash of the USA-led unipolar world and the resurrection of various forms of neo-colonialism, including direct armed interference and a series of aggressive wars unleashed by the West, in the major part of the world's regions has led to emergence of security issues on the agenda.
The Qingdao declaration of the SCO Council of Heads of State sets the task of the urgent development of effective collective actions of the whole international community. The first steps on the path towards this goal are apparent, but regional cooperation is not the only way of ensuring national security, and the SCO is becoming a popular regional cooperation pattern in Eurasia.
According to the declaration, "the geopolitical landscape is becoming diversified and multipolar, and ties between countries are becoming closer." Increasingly more often the SCO that stretches from the Arctic Ocean to the Indian Ocean and from the Pacific Ocean to the Baltic Sea is considered in the world as a counterbalance to aggressive policy of the collective West, as the SCO refusal from the principle of global unification, "mutual respect for the cultural and civilizational diversity and social values," and respect for interests of all and each and every individual state at the same time in line with the international law has become its characteristic trait.
The Qingdao summit of the SCO decided to deepen cooperation between the armed forces of the organization's member states in countering "three evil forces" – terrorism, extremism and separatism. At the same time, apparently the issue is not only about reacting to their manifestations but also about preventing these threats and about strengthening cooperation in order to stop the proliferation of extremist ideologies and eliminate factors and conditions that foster terrorism and extremism.
The current situation in the Middle East boosts the threat posed by terrorists who after they return to the countries of their organ or other countries continue their terrorist and extremist activities, in particular in the SCO space. Undoubtedly, exchange of information about them will be improved and procedures of mutual extradition of extremists and terrorists between the organization's member states will become better. The role of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure in jointly countering "three evil forces" will become important.
More active international cooperation between special services will assist in settling problems between India and Pakistan. President of China Xi Jinping stressed in Qingdao that considerable progress in the SCO development was reached after India and Pakistan joined the organization. This expanded geographic, demographic and economic potential of the organization, whose borders are now on the Indian Ocean shoreline.
The SCO has bright future that is based on searching the utmost equality of its member states and the respect for their specifics and national interests. The path to ensuring regional and global security has been chosen. This is a confidential dialogue and constructive partnership. The organization's most important goal is to keep peace, stability and security in Eurasia, and this is not just a mere declaration. This is a path to peace in the world, and many steps should be made along this path. But the chosen direction is right.